Black Oak (Quercus velutina)

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289 in stock

Description

Type: Deciduous tree

Family: Fagaceae

Height:50-60 feet

Spread: 50-60 feet

Native Range: Eastern US, upland hills throughout Missouri

Site Requirements:

Soil: moist rich to poor dry

Water: Dry to medium

Sunlight needs: Full sun

Landscape use: A medium shade tree for lawns, streets or parks.

Brief Description: Similar in appearance to red oak (Quercus rubra) with which it may on occasion hybridize. Buds are a significant difference between the two trees (hairless and smaller in red oak). Bark is almost black on mature trunks with deep furrows. Inner bark is yellow to orange. Specific epithet means velvety or hairy in reference to the fine hairs found on buds and young leaves. 

Wildlife Benefits: Acorns are an important food source for wildlife

Possible Problems: Black oak is infrequently attacked by the common diseases of oaks which include oak wilt, chestnut blight, shoestring root rot, anthracnose, oak leaf blister, cankers, leaf spots and powdery mildew. Potential insect pests include scale, oak skeletonizer, leaf miner, galls, oak lace bugs, borers, caterpillars and nut weevils.

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Additional information

Common Name

black oak

Scientific Name

Quercus velutina

Native Range

Eastern United States, southeastern Canada

Zone

3 to 9

Height

50.00 to 60.00 feet

Spread

50.00 to 60.00 feet

Bloom Time

April to May

Bloom Description

Yellowish-green

Sun

Full sun

Water

Dry to medium

Maintenance

Low

Suggested Use

Shade Tree, Street Tree

Flower

Insignificant

Fruit

Showy

Tolerate

Black Walnut

Leaf

Good Fall