Black Cherry (Prunis serotina)

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Description

Type: Deciduous tree

Family: Rosaceae

Height: 50-80 feet

Spread: 30-60 feet

Native Range: North America, in Missouri in lowland and upland woods and along streams throughout the state

Site Requirements:

Soil: well drained

Water: medium

Sunlight needs: Full sun to part shade

Landscape use: Medium to large flowering shade tree

Brief Description:  One of the largest of the cherries with a narrow-columnar to rounded crown. Fruits are bitter and inedible fresh off the tree, but can be used to make jams and jellies and are attractive to wildlife. Mature trees develop dark scaly bark. Bark, roots and leaves contain concentrations of toxic cyanogenic compounds, hence the noticeable bitter almond aroma of the inner bark. Native Americans prepared decoctions of the inner bark for cough medicines and tea-like cold remedies. Hard, reddish-brown wood takes a fine polish and is commercially valued for use in a large number of products such as furniture, veneers, cabinets, interior paneling, gun stocks, instrument/tool handles and musical instruments. 

Wildlife Benefits: Attracts birds

Possible Problems: As with most cherries it is susceptible to a large number of insect and disease pests. Potential diseases include leaf spot, die back, leaf curl, powdery mildew, root rot and fireblight. Potential insects include aphids, scale, borers, leafhoppers, caterpillars, tent caterpillars and Japanese beetles. Spider mites may also be troublesome.

Stand out Features: Showy, white fragrant blooms in late spring and good fall color

 

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Additional information

Common Name

black cherry

Scientific Name

Prunus serotina

Native Range

North America

Zone

3 to 9

Height

50.00 to 80.00 feet

Spread

30.00 to 60.00 feet

Bloom Time

April to May

Bloom Description

White

Sun

Full sun to part shade

Water

Medium

Maintenance

Low

Suggested Use

Shade Tree, Flowering Tree

Flower

Showy, Fragrant

Attracts

Birds

Fruit

Showy

Leaf

Good Fall