Bur Oak (Quercus macrocarpa)


Out of stock


Type: Deciduous tree

Family: Fagaceae

Height:60-80 feet

Spread: 60-80 feet

Native Range: northern and central US, statewide in Missouri

Site Requirements:

Soil: prefers well drained soils but highly adaptable

Water: dry to medium

Sunlight needs: Full sun

Tolerates: Drought, clay soil, dry soil

Landscape use: shade tree rain garden

Brief Description: Bur oak or mossycup oak is one of the most majestic of the native North American oaks. Acorn cups are covered with a mossy scale or bur near the rim, hence the common names. It is native to a variety of habitats in central and eastern North America. Twigs sometimes are ridged with corky wings. Macrocarpa comes from the Greek words macro meaning large and carpa meaning fruit in reference to the large acorn size.

Wildlife Benefits: Acorns are an important source of food for wildlife. 

Possible Problems: Bur oak is generally considered to be a low-maintenance, long-lived tree.

Oaks are susceptible to a large number of diseases, including oak wilt, chestnut blight, shoestring root rot, anthracnose, oak leaf blister, cankers, leaf spots and powdery mildew. Potential insect pests include scale, oak skeletonizer, leaf miner, galls, oak lace bugs, borers, caterpillars and nut weevils. 

Stand out Features: The National Champion can be found in Columbia, Missouri name “big tree” was noted on Lewis and Clark’s expedition in their journal.

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