Type: Deciduous tree
Height: 35-60 feet
Spread: 35-60 feet
Native Range: Texas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Arkansas, and portions of Missouri
Ideal Site Requirements:
Soil: moist well-drained
Water: dry to medium
Sunlight needs: full sun to part shade
Tolerates: Drought, clay soil, air pollution
Landscape use: Hedge or shade tree
Brief Description: Easily grown, spiny, dioecious tree. Commonly used as a hedgerow shrub. Has orange-brown bark, and inedible grapefruit sized fruits. Also called hedge apple.
Wildlife Benefits: Wildlife eat the fruits
Possible Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. Fruits and flowers produced by female trees pose a considerable litter problem.
Stand out Features: Very fast grower, does well in poor soils, wood is extremely strong. Can be an effective shade tree if fruit litter can be tolerated. Straight species (particularly females) aren’t appropriate as street trees, due to suckering and large fruits. Use with caution.
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